It is considered to be the "men's toy" par excellence: the construction crane. What conditions are needed to learn to drive a crane, and what training as a crane operator is necessary, we explain once in detail in our contribution.
Who is allowed to make the crane driver's license?
Basically, it is admitted to training, who
- is at least 19 years old
- physically and mentally suitable for the job
- who can perform the tasks reliably enough
This is at least in the statutory provisions. As a rule, the occupational health G25 examination (driving, control and monitoring activities) is used for physical fitness.
A little understanding of technical issues and some basics of physics should be brought along as a crane leader candidate.
There is no such thing as a "real" crane driver's license - in the sense of a driver's license for a car or truck. It is replaced by the - not official - crane card, which is sufficient as a certificate of competence.
If you have to maneuver a crane in the area of the road, you do not need your own driving license - the crane is a construction machine with a maximum design speed of (far) below 20 km / h and no driving license is required.
Duration of training
The training lasts - as with many other construction machines - between 1 day and 20 days, depending on the type of crane you purchase your crane pass. The following table shows the recommended training time for individual types of cranes:
|Type of crane||Duration of training|
|Semi-powered cranes||1 day|
|Corridor-controlled cranes||1 - 5 days|
|Driver-controlled cranes||5 - 10 days|
|Tower cranes||10 - 15 days|
|Mobile cranes||15 - 20 days|
The training takes place both theoretically and practically and very often in-house. Each crane pass is valid only for the corresponding type of crane - if another crane is used, a new, corresponding certificate of competence must be obtained again.
After completing the training, a theoretical and practical exam will be taken. In the test for tower crane operators, members of the professional associations are also involved in the test.Tips & TricksIn addition to the certificate of competence, the employer must always have a written order for crane handling. It must contain the name of the (qualifying) employee and a precise order description. As a rule, the tasks assigned should always be based on the duration of the employee's practical experience.