A cold during pregnancy is unpleasant and burdened the already heavily used immune system of an expectant mother. But many pregnant women are unsure which medications or home remedies they can take without harming the baby. We explain what means are allowed and give tips to treat a cold during pregnancy.
Medicines in pregnancy
Pregnant women should in principle take as few medicines as possible, as all active ingredients pass through the placenta to the baby - this also applies to herbal remedies. If you still want to combat your cold symptoms with medication, you should always discuss this with a doctor first. Also for the drugs allowed: Always take only the smallest possible dose for the shortest possible duration.
Keep in mind that not every over-the-counter cold medication is safe for pregnant and nursing women. Let us advise you in the pharmacy, which means are suitable.
Tips for catching a cold during pregnancy
Even if you should avoid medication during pregnancy, you do not have to give in to a cold. Some simple home remedies help relieve the discomfort. But beware: Not all home remedies are suitable for use in pregnancy.
The different symptoms of a cold can be treated in different ways.
Cold and pregnant - what to do?
With a blocked nose, rinsing or inhaling with salt water can help to decongest the nasal mucous membranes. However, you should discuss the use of decongestant nasal sprays during pregnancy with a doctor or your midwife. Sea salt nasal sprays are usually considered harmless. If your nose is closed as a result of your cold, you can bed your head at night to make breathing easier.
Cough in pregnancy
For coughing pregnant women can safely on Icelandic moss and, after consultation with a doctor, resort to ribwort. Drink a lot to solve the cough. Also, gargling with sage tea or warm salt water can relieve your symptoms. But be careful not to swallow too much of the work, as it should only be consumed in moderation during pregnancy.
A good substitute for cough syrup, which is also suitable for pregnant women, is onion syrup. This can also be easily produced by yourself. Just let one chopped onion and honey infuse overnight and strain the next day through a cloth. You can take a teaspoon of the onion syrup several times a day.
Tips against sore throat in pregnant women
Potato wraps are an old tip against sore throats, which even pregnant women can safely use: Simply mash the still hot, boiled boiled potatoes and place them wrapped in a cloth around the neck. Quark rolls are also a popular home remedy for sore throats. In addition, drink hot water with honey and lemon, which also relieves the discomfort in the throat.
What helps against earache?
If you suffer from ear pain during pregnancy, help with an onion bag. For this, a chopped onion without fat is heated briefly in the pan, then filled into a washcloth and then placed on the ear. With a cap or a cloth wrapped around your head, you can make sure that the bag does not slip.
Headache in pregnancy
The common tablets for headache are not suitable for pregnant women. Often a damp, cold rag on the forehead or a wraparound wrap with a cloth soaked in lemon juice helps against the pain. Wrap a towel around and remove the forehead wrap after half an hour.
For severe pain, pregnant women may exceptionally sometimes resort to acetaminophen. The analgesic should however only be taken after consultation with a doctor.
Pregnant women can do this for a fever
Paracetamol may also be helpful if your cold is accompanied by fever - but for safety's sake, only take this medicine if a doctor gives you his consent. As a natural antipyretic, which is ideal for pregnant women, cool calf wrap. Also, make sure you have plenty of sleep and plenty of fluids.
These home remedies are taboo for pregnant women
Not all home remedies for cold are also allowed for pregnant women. For example, you should not exaggerate in a hot cold bath or a sweat cure. Overheating, especially in the last third of the pregnancy, could lead to too much stress on the circulation and premature labor.
Also, certain essential oils, which are also used in homeopathy, among others, can trigger menstruation or promote contractions, thereby causing a premature birth or a miscarriage in the worst case. Caution is required among others with the following medicinal plants:
The week of pregnancy is also crucial, as some remedies pose a risk only at the beginning of pregnancy, while others may be harmful, especially in the third trimester. It is best to ask your gynecologist or naturopath about which cold tea, sweets and homeopathic remedies are safe for you.
What helps pregnant women still with cold?
Basically, pregnant women should treat themselves to a cold and above all warmth and peace and a few days to spare, so as not to delay the infection.
Slight sweating, lots of sleep, vitamin-rich food and a lot of drinking are required. Especially suitable are warm drinks such as tea (for example chamomile tea), broth and hot lemon, but also water and juices. Milk stimulates the formation of slime and is therefore not suitable for a cold. Take special care to consume plenty of vitamin C, zinc and selenium (for example in citrus fruits and cashew nuts) to strengthen the body's defenses.
Even with a cold during pregnancy: Fresh air is healthy! Ventilate regularly and place a bowl of water on the heater to keep room air humid. Because on dry mucous membranes viruses have an easier game. If the cold is slowing down, pregnant women can strengthen their immune system through short walks. Sport is too exhausting during a cold and therefore taboo!
What to do with flu and infections?
For the treatment of infectious diseases that require the use of an antibiotic, there are special antibiotics that are approved for pregnant women and have no side effects.
Treatment with influenza during pregnancy, however, is much more difficult: as many flu products are not suitable for pregnant women, they are given only in exceptional cases. Therefore, you should get vaccinated well in advance of the flu season - this is also possible during pregnancy safe.
Breastfeeding with a cold - what can one take?
During lactation, some remedies are better tolerated than in pregnancy, others worse. Ask a doctor or alternative practitioner what remedies you can safely use. For example, fennel and a cold bath without essential oils are permitted during breastfeeding, while sage tea inhibits milk flow.
Basically, you should abstain from taking medicines for your cold while breastfeeding, as well as during pregnancy and prefer to resort to home remedies.