Summer is here. Finally out into the open, go barbecue or go swimming. But what if the sun burns, bites threaten insects, or your eyes water in the open car?
Too much sun exposure on the unprotected head can cause a sunstroke - the cause is probably an irritation or swelling in the brain. The first signs are a red, hot face, headache and a nausea that can last for days in severe cases.
Therefore, immediately put it in the shade with your upper body raised, cool your head with a wet towel and drink a lot. In case of severe dizziness call an ambulance. Better still: Prevent yourself by always wearing a breezy hat or a hat in the blazing sun.
Finger burned by the fire or on the grill?
- Immediately keep hands or other affected areas under cold water for about fifteen minutes. This is the only way to cool the deep tissue layers, to avoid pain and to widen the injury.
- Do not put ice on the burns, it can damage you even more.
- After cooling, disinfect the burned skin and apply cream with a suitable cream for wounds, then loosely protect with a bandage or gauze bandage.
- If bubbles do form, do not puncture. Once they rise by themselves, treat with a disinfecting wound cream.
Caution: Children should be cooled only with lukewarm water and only for a few minutes - otherwise there is a risk of cooling down. Here are more tips on dealing with burns and scalds.
Heat collapse: that helps!
If the body loses a lot of fluid while sweating, the circulation can go limp. Dizziness and nausea indicate when the blood pressure in the basement goes, in the worst case threatens a short fainting.
Therefore sit down or lie down at the first signs of numbness, put your legs up and immediately drink at least half a liter slowly. Sports drinks are especially good, they replace salts that we lose when we sweat.
Alcoholic drinks should be completely avoided on hot days. Because heat and alcohol have the same effect: they dilate the blood vessels, so that the blood literally drifts away in the arms and legs.
Insects - stinging pain, annoying itching, dangerous swelling
In the mouth or throat, bee or wasp stings can be really dangerous.
- First countermeasure: sucking ice.
- At the slightest sign of respiratory distress always call the ambulance immediately!
- In bee or wasp stings on the body, the poison sting must be removed.
- Then cool the sting with wet envelopes and apply an ointment with an antihistamine (over the counter at the pharmacy).
Caution: Anyone who is allergic to bee or wasp stings must always bring their emergency medications with them.
Ticks: Bitten attackers
The little bloodsuckers lurk in the grass and bushes. Long trousers and mosquito repellents provide protection. However, after hiking through forests and meadows, you should carefully search the skin, as ticks can transmit dangerous diseases.
- To remove it, never drip oil or glue on the tick, such "stress" only causes it to release possibly infectious saliva.
- Using tweezers or special tweezers (pharmacy), hold the animal as close to the skin as possible and pull it out slowly.
- Then disinfect the site.
- If ticks have remained in the skin or if a red spot develops in the next few days, go to the doctor.
- For TBE risk areas, vaccination may be recommended.
Burning and dark eyes
A convertible ride, drafts or the blazing sun - and your eyes turn red, itch or feel like sand is in it. Cold air or strong irritates the eyes - it comes to an increased tearing, the conjunctiva are red. A slight conjunctivitis can be treated in the short term with over-the-counter eye drops from the pharmacy. For infections of the eyes, a visit to the ophthalmologist is mandatory.
Walking barefoot: tips against blowing
Finally: sandals and ballerinas without stockings! Just stupid that this is so easy bubbles. Sensitive areas therefore prefer to protect as a precaution with a plaster. And always take a few patches in your wallet, so you can react when first pressed.
Has a small bubble formed:
- If possible, do not pierce, but stick a special blister patch.
- If the bladder is large and very disturbing in the shoe, carefully prick it with a clean needle and gently squeeze it out.
- Do not cut away the skin.
- It is best to dab iodine, alcohol or a disinfecting wound ointment and protect it with an air-permeable plaster.
Sunburn - and now?
Of course, it's best not to get that far and protect yourself with appropriate clothing and adequate use of sunscreen. But if it comes to a sunburn anyway, it says:
- Take ASA (Aspirin®) at the very first sign to prevent the sunburn from worsening.
- Cool the skin, for example with wet towels. Do not use refrigerated packs from the freezer.
- Apply gels and lotions with hydrocortisone, chamomile or aloe vera.
- Drink enough - the sunburn removes fluid from your skin.
- Stay away from home remedies such as yogurt or cottage cheese: these can promote inflammation.
- If you suffer from severe discomfort or blistering after sunburn, you should consult a doctor.